EC2にRails5+React+MySQLアプリをデプロイする環境をすばやく構築する

ruby Ruby
rails Rails
mysql MySQL
aws-ec2 EC2
react React

ひとまずメモ的に。

前提

以下が完了している

Gitをいれる

sudo yum -y install git

Rubyをいれるための色々

yum でどーーん。

sudo yum -y install gcc-c++ glibc-headers openssl-devel readline libyaml-devel readline-devel zlib zlib-devel libffi-devel libxml2 libxslt libxml2-devel libxslt-devel sqlite-devel mysql mysql-server mysql-devel ImageMagick ImageMagick-devel epel-release

rbenvをいれる

git clone https://github.com/sstephenson/rbenv.git ~/.rbenv
echo 'export PATH="$HOME/.rbenv/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.bash_profile
echo 'eval "$(rbenv init -)"' >> ~/.bash_profile
source .bash_profile

git clone https://github.com/sstephenson/ruby-build.git ~/.rbenv/plugins/ruby-build
rbenv rehash

rbenv install -v 2.2.4
rbenv global 2.2.4
rbenv rehash

ruby -v

gem install bundler

追記

もし rbenv installno such command と怒られる場合は以下を実行する

git clone git://github.com/sstephenson/ruby-build.git
cd ruby-build
sudo ./install.sh 

directoryを掘る

cd /
sudo chown [user] var
cd var
sudo mkdir www
cd www
sudo mkdir rails

ログ用

mkdir /var/www/rails/shared
mkdir /var/www/rails/shared/log

unicornをいれる

group :production, :staging do
  gem 'unicorn'
end
unicorn.conf.rb
# set lets
$worker  = 2
$timeout = 30
$app_dir = '/var/www/rails/[project]' 
$listen  = File.expand_path '/tmp/unicorn.sock', $app_dir
$pid     = File.expand_path '/var/www/rails/shared/tmp/pids/unicorn.pid', $app_dir
$std_log = File.expand_path '/var/www/rails/shared/log/unicorn.log', $app_dir
# set config
worker_processes  $worker
working_directory $app_dir
stderr_path $std_log
stdout_path $std_log
timeout $timeout
listen  $listen
pid $pid
# loading booster
preload_app true
# before starting processes
before_fork do |server, worker|
  defined?(ActiveRecord::Base) and ActiveRecord::Base.connection.disconnect!
  old_pid = "#{server.config[:pid]}.oldbin"
  if old_pid != server.pid
    begin
      Process.kill :QUIT, File.read(old_pid).to_i
    rescue Errno::ENOENT, Errno::ESRCH
    end
  end
end
# after finishing processes
after_fork do |server, worker|
  defined?(ActiveRecord::Base) and ActiveRecord::Base.establish_connection
end

MySql設定

sudo vi /etc/my.cnf

以下を追記

character-set-server=utf8

起動

sudo service mysqld start

ln -s /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock /tmp/mysql.sock

nginxをいれる

sudo yum install nginx
sudo vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/[project].conf
# log directory
error_log  /var/www/rails/shared/log/nginx.error.log; 
access_log /var/www/rails/shared/log/nginx.access.log; 

# max body size
client_max_body_size 2G;
upstream app_server {
  # for UNIX domain socket setups
  server unix:/tmp/unicorn.sock fail_timeout=0; 
}
server {
  listen 80;
  server_name 52.197.122.210;
  # nginx so increasing this is generally safe...
  keepalive_timeout 5;
  # path for static files
  root /var/www/rails/[project]/public; 
  # page cache loading
  try_files $uri/index.html $uri.html $uri @app;
  location @app {
    # HTTP headers
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
    proxy_redirect off;
    proxy_pass http://app_server;
  }
  # Rails error pages
  error_page 500 502 503 504 /500.html;
  location = /500.html {
    root /var/www/rails/[project]/public; 
  }
}

Github

GithubのDeploy Keysを登録してパスワードなしでアクセスするをやる。

cd ~
git clone git@github.com:yourrepo/[project].git 
cd [project]

bundle install 
npm install

シンボリックリンク

ln -s ~/[project] /var/www/rails/[project] 

起動

unicorn起動

unicorn_rails -c /var/www/rails/[project]/config/unicorn.conf.rb -D -E staging

nginx起動

sudo service nginx start

まとめ

  • 地味にやることが多い
  • 自動化したい
  • 殴り書きなのでちゃんとまとめたい

以上。